Bunched pronunciation is most common but some natives uses both style depending on surrounding sounds.
So I don't get which way is the most common. It feels like when mouth is pointing with its tip at the roof to pronounce "R"
Сообщение отредактировано gavenkoa (2017-01-07 13:44:29).
Elicitation techniques for /r/
Using hand gestures – Hold one hand horizontally to symbolize the tongue, and hold the other hand underneath. Using the hand on top, show the tongue movement necessary to produce /r/. By cupping the hand, you’re showing the tongue tip is up and slightly back.
Shaping /r/ from /l/ – Tell your child to make an /l/ sound. From there, they should slide their tongue along the top of their mouth (hard palate), and this will inevitably turn into the retroflexed tongue position.
Shaping /r/ from /oo/ – Have the child say “oo” as in the word “look.” While saying the “oo” sound, tell the child to move his tongue back and up slowly – Using your hand to show this movement can be helpful!
Shaping /r/ from /z/ – Have the child prolong the “z” sound. Then tell the child to move his/her tongue back slowly while opening the jaw slightly. Remind the child to keep the back sides of the tongue up against the upper teeth.
Using animal sounds (Always model these sounds for the child first.)
Rooster crowing in the morning, “rrr rrr rrr rrrrrrrrrr”
Cat purring, “purrrrrr”
Tiger growl, “grrrrrrr”
Using a silent /k/ – Have the child open their mouth and make a silent /k/. Then have him attempt the growling sound.
Changing jaw position with /l/ – Have the child produce the /l/ sound, and while saying this sound, pull the lower jaw down slowly until he reaches the correct position for /r/ – An adult can pull the jaw down gently if the child is having a difficult time lowering it down slowly
Eliminating the /w/ – If the child is using a /w/ sound for /r/- Tell the child to smile – you can’t make a /w/ sound when you smile!
(Tongue tip and the back of the alveolar ridge.) Many speakers of English
do not use retroflex sounds at all. But some speakers begin words such as
rye, row, ray with retroflex sounds. Note the position of the tip of your
tongue in these words. Speakers who pronounce r at the ends of words
may also have retroflex sounds with the tip of the tongue raised in ire,